The establishment of the Maharaja Ganga Singh University at Bikaner marks an important milestone in the evolution of tertiary education in Rajasthan, area-wise the largest state of the Republic of India. Tertiary education, which modern universities develop and deploy for the benefit of humanity, aims for university, but at the same time, it is now being increasingly realized, that it must also prioritize the discovery of solutions for the territory in which it is located. The Maharaja Ganga Singh University would strive, through teaching, research and extension, to achieve a better understanding of the problems of the region in which it is located, in a region vastly different from almost all other regions in India and aboard.

The Maharaja Ganga Singh University, Bikaner has come into existence in a terrain exhibiting several ecological constants not found, on any comparable scale, in the rest of India or, even, in the rest of the world which contains several large deserts but not the type of life-vibrant arid lands as the Thar desert on whose northern-east periphery the Maharaja Ganga Singh University, Bikaner is located.

After the assent of the Honourable Governor of Rajasthan University of Bikaner has been established under the Bikaner University Act, 2003 which was notified in the Rajasthan Gazzette on June 7, 2003. This statute terminated the territorial jurisdiction of M.D.S. University, Ajmer and the affiliation of 69 colleges located in the districts of Churu, Sriganganagar, Hanumangarh and Bikaner was shifted to this University. As a result, 92,444 students were enrolled and examined in various Faculties by the University in 2004 for Bachelor and Master Degrees and some diploma courses.

Bikaner University, Bikaner has been renamed as Maharaja Ganga Singh University, Bikaner vide Gazette notification No. F. 4 (14) Vidhi/ 2/ 2008 dated October 03, 2008. It is made and promulgated by H.E. the Government of Rajasthan on 2nd day of October, 2008.

From its inception, it is imparting quality education and building up students who can face the further challenges. With increasing number of undergraduate and Post graduate affiliated colleges, the numbers of enrolled students have also increased sharply and about 1.90 lakh students are likely to appear in examination of 2010-11.

The University is developing its own infrastructure in the village Shrah Nathania situated 10 km. away from Bikaner Railway Station towards West side of the city on N.H. 15, Jaisalmer Road. The office of the Vice Chancellor and other administrative office are already working in this campus. University is having 1127.07 bighahs land for the development appropriate.